Not sure if you need a CDL (Commercial Driver’s License) to drive a box truck, like 24 ft. box truck?
The answer to whether you need a CDL to drive a box truck depends on the GVWR of the box truck you want to drive.
Generally, a CDL is needed if you want to drive a flatbed truck or a tractor-trailer.
In contrast, because box trucks exist in so many sizes, you may need or not need a CDL based on the GVWR of the box truck you want to drive.
What is GVWR? This is an abbreviation of the term Gross Vehicle Weight Rating. Essentially, what GVWR indicates is the maximum operating weight of the vehicle.
In other words, the empty weight of a vehicle plus the maximum payload it can safely carry.
The bigger the GVWR of a truck, the harder it is to drive and hence the need for a special driving license, CDL, to drive it.
In many jurisdictions, you do not need a CDL to drive a box truck with a GVWR of 26,000 pounds or less.
So if your 24 ft. box truck has a GVWR of 26,000 pounds or less, you can drive it in many jurisdictions without a CDL.
Do you know your truck’s GVWR? If you do, good for you. If you do not, check with the manufacturer of the vehicle. Read on below to discover more about driving box trucks and the need for a CDL in the United States.
What Size Box Truck Requires A CDL?
CDL requirements to drive a box truck depend on its Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR).
The 10ft box truck which is the smallest has an average GVWR of 8,600 pounds while the 26ft box truck has an average GVWR of 26,000 pounds.
You will usually not need a CDL to drive a box truck but you need to check the specification of your particular box truck especially if it is a 26ft box truck. If your box truck weighs more than 26,000 pounds, it will require a CDL.
Do you need a CDL to drive a 20 foot box truck?
A 20-foot box truck on average has a GVWR of 14,500 pounds, and so you don’t need a CDL to drive.
What length truck requires a CDL?
The federal requirement for a CDL to drive a truck is dependent on the GVWR of the truck, and not the length of the truck.
Any truck length with a GVWR that exceeds 26,000 pounds will require a CDL.
What size truck can I get without a CDL?
You can drive any size of truck with a GVWR not more than 26,000 pounds without a CDL.
Do Box Trucks Have To Stop At Weigh Stations?
All vehicles enlisted as trucks are needed to stop at motor carrier safety and weight investigation stations when signs direct them to do so.
All vehicles with a GVW rating of more than 10,000 lbs must stop at weigh stations.
Do All Air Brake Trucks Require CDL?
There has been some confusion concerning whether a CDL is required when driving a truck with air brakes. The CDL isn’t needed except if the vehicle has a GVWR or a GCWR of 26,001 lbs and more.
The air brake trucks which are responsible for shipping hazardous materials require a CDL. Moreover, if you are traveling with 16 people, you will also require a CDL.
How much weight can a 26000 GVW truck carry?
Sixteen to eighteen thousand pounds is the legal maximum, and getting as high as eighteen normally implies
hefty cargo, for example, logs joined with a light truck undercarriage.
What is the difference between a chauffeur license and a CDL?
The chauffeur license is different from CDL because chauffeur drivers are prepared on an expert level to avoid potential risk precautions whenever they’re behind the wheels with a business chief.
Then again, a commercial driver expertly handles heavy trucks and different vehicles utilized for the transportation of different cargo.
Box truck defined
To fully understand the driving requirements for box truck drivers, it is important to understand what a box truck is.
A box truck is a truck that has a stretched frame/chassis on which a cargo box is bolted. The cargo box is the reason why box trucks are called box trucks.
The box is distinct from the driver’s cab hence cannot be accessed through the cab. Most box trucks have a roll-up door opening to their cargo boxes.
Most people have seen and know what semi-trailers look like. Box trucks are not semi-trailers.
Because semi-trailers are two pieces of equipment joined together. Semi-trailers are also generally much bigger in size than box trucks.
Because semi-trailers are big and heavy vehicles, they are harder to drive than most box trucks. Therefore, drivers typically need a special license to drive them.
In contrast, most box trucks are light in weight compared to semi-trailers. Some are so light that you are not required by law to have a license to drive them.
Who is allowed by law to drive a box truck?
Box trucks are available in multiple sizes. Some are so heavy that you need a special license to drive them, while others are light enough not to need a special driving license.
So by law, any competent driver can drive a box truck if it is light enough. If it is heavy, one will require a special license (a CDL) to drive a box truck.
How heavy does a box truck need to be to require a driving license? Well, any box truck with a GVWR of more than 26,000 pounds requires a CDL.
Most box trucks are used as service trucks, delivery trucks, moving trucks, and rental trucks. Without them, tons of businesses would not exist as we know them today.
While regular box trucks are small and do not require advanced driving skills to be driven safely, long and big ones typically require advanced driving skills to be driven safely.
This is the reason why companies hiring box truck drivers usually insist that they must have a CDL or an equivalent license.
How to know the GVWR of a box truck
To know if you must have a CDL to drive a 24 ft. box truck, you should find out its GVWR (Gross Weight Vehicle Rating).
As mentioned earlier, GVWR refers to the empty weight plus the maximum payload of a vehicle. To find out the GVWR of your truck, you simply have to check the sticker on its door jamb.
The sticker will most likely have two GARW (Gross Axle Weight Rating) figures for the front and the rear axles.
By adding these two figures, you will get the GVWR of your box truck.
Alternatively, you could simply search online for the GVWR of your box truck and you will probably find the answer in seconds.
What to know before taking a box truck to the highway
Even if your box truck is not heavy enough to require a special license, there are several things you need to know before driving your box truck.
First, you need to know that box trucks are not pickup trucks. They are longer and heavier.
Therefore, you need to maneuver them more cautiously and to watch out especially on the road or when negotiating tight corners.
Second, you need to check your side mirrors before you start your engine. This is because box trucks do not have a rearview mirror or window that you can use to look at the back.
Most of them also do not have a rearview camera. Therefore, to know what’s coming from the back you will have to use your side mirrors extensively, so make sure you set them right.
Lastly, when driving your box truck for the first time, you should avoid speeding as the truck can become difficult for you to bring to a stop in case of an emergency.
Common Questions and Answers
What is DOT regulations for box trucks?
A box truck will require a DOT number if it weighs over 10,000 pounds and/or if it is used commercially interstate.
It is required that the DOT number be placed on the power unit of the truck and it should be visible from 50 feet away.
What is the largest truck you can drive on a car Licence?
You can drive any size truck ( or even vans on a car license) on a car license as long as its GVWR does not exceed 26,000 pounds. So based on this fact, the largest truck you can drive is one with a GVWR of around 25,500 pounds.
Does a box truck need a DOT number?
Any box truck will need a DOT (Department of Transportation) number if it is utilized commercially on interstate roads or if it weighs more than 10,000 pounds. The DOT number is used by FMCSA to monitor a business’s safety record and to help with inspection and audit.
What license do you need to drive a 26 foot box truck?
The license needed depends on the GVWR of the truck. If a 26 foot box truck has a GVWR of less than 26,000 pounds, it just needs a regular license to drive. A good example is the 26 foot U-Haul box truck. It only needs a regular license to drive. Any box truck with a GVWR higher than 26,000 pounds requires a CDL to drive.
Do you need a CDL for a 26ft box truck?
Not necessarily. You only need a CDL if the 26ft box truck has a GVWR that is more than 26,000 pounds. If the truck’s GVWR is less than 26,000 pounds, you do not need a CDL to drive it. A regular car license will be sufficient to legally drive the truck.
What are basic box truck license requirements?
Box truck license requirement is based on their GVWR. A box truck that weighs less than 26,000 pounds requires only a regular driver’s license, but if it weighs more, you will need a CDL to drive one.
What class is box trucks?
Based on their GVWR, box trucks can be classified between Class 3 and Class 7. Class 3 box trucks are light duty box trucks. They are usually used privately or by small businesses. Class 7 box trucks are tough, heavy-duty vehicles.
Do you need a dot to drive a box truck?
You don’t need a dot to drive a box truck. The average rental box truck driver wouldn’t think about this question in any case. If the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is over 26,000 pounds, you need a dot to operate it.
Why do some trucks have not for hire?
It has to do with lettering the trucks. Certain states necessitate that commercial vehicles are set apart with a company name.
Certain trucks must be registered commercial, regardless of whether they are owned by a person. So instead of marking a company name, they mark it as not for hire.
How much does a 26 ft. box truck weigh?
It depends with the exact model. Different twenty-six feet long box trucks have different weights. For example, the empty weight of the twenty-six feet U-Haul is 13,000 pounds, while the gross vehicle weight of the vehicle is 26,000 pounds. Another twenty-six foot box truck will have a different empty weight and GVW.
How do I start a box truck business?
Starting a box truck business is not easy as normal truck businesses. Hence you will need to make some investments to start such a business. Here are some steps you can follow to start:
How do box trucks make money?
You can make money with a box truck by assisting organizations with stacking and dumping products, managing home moving services, and other transportation business which is yet to be explored.
Box trucks are the most demanded commercial vehicle types.
Do farmers have to stop at weigh stations?
No, farmers don’t need to stop at weigh stations. Regardless of whether you are supposed to stop, all they will do is wave you by. You can put a sign on your truck that says “NOT FOR HIRE,” and that will make it legal for you to pass.
Is it illegal to go around weigh stations?
In numerous areas, if you jump off and back on within a couple of miles of a weigh station and don’t have a business on the route you took, then yes, it is frequently illegal.
In different areas, it is completely satisfactory to take an alternate way to go. Simply ensure that it doesn’t appear that the purpose of the route is to bypass the weigh stations.
How do you avoid weigh stations?
Weigh stations are intended to check the heaviness of your vehicle utilizing huge scales, ensuring vehicles aren’t overweight.
In case you’re attempting to stay away from the weight stations, you can either take an alternate route or stand by until the weight station closes.
Do I need a CDL to pull a trailer over 10000 lbs in PA?
If the GCWR is 26,001 pounds or more, and the vehicle being towed has a GVWR of 10,001 pounds or more, you will require a Class A driver’s license.
If the trailer’s GVWR is 10,000 pounds or less, the vehicle can be worked with a Class B driver’s license.
Do you need a CDL to haul a gooseneck trailer?
In case of a tow vehicle towing a trailer, the driver needs a CDL if the tow-vehicle GCWR surpasses 26,000 lbs or the trailer’s GVWR surpasses 10,000 lbs.
In both cases, the driver will require a Class A CDL. Keep in mind the weight of each vehicle, i.e., the tow vehicle as well as the towing trailer, must not exceed the given standard weight for a non-CDL.
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