There is a general assumption that to drive a semitrailer, a driver must have a Commercial Driver’s License (CDL). But is this always the case?
What if you want to drive the semi for personal use? The state law on driving semis including for personal use varies from one state to another.
Therefore, before driving a semi with a CDL including for personal use, it’s important for drivers to understand the requirements and what they could be against.
What Is A Commercial Driving License(CDL)?
A CDL is a driver’s license that is needed to be allowed to operate large, heavy or vehicles with hazardous materials in the United States for commercial purposes. Commercial motor vehicles can be divided into different categories. These require drivers to hold valid driver’s licenses.
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Legal Requirement Driving Of Semis Without A CDL
One of the key factors that determine whether you need a CDL for a semi for personal use is how the vehicle will be used. If the vehicle will be used for commercial purposes even in the least way, the driver must get a CDL. However, deciding what is commercial use or not can be hard and confusing.
Understanding The Commercial Use Of A Semi
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration defines commercial use as trade, traffic, and transportation between different locations or states in the U.S.
The interpretation is a bit vague and makes it hard to determine if a driver is driving for commercial purposes or not. At times, drivers may think that they are driving the truck for noncommercial purposes but law enforcers may view it differently. Some of these instances include:
- Where the owner of the trailer is carrying livestock to a trade show for competition purpose, law enforcers may interpret this as commercial use.
- Transporting ATVs loads to a ranch where they will be rent out as Air B and B. Drivers may see this as noncommercial but law enforcers may interpret this as commercial.
When Drivers Need CDL For Semis
To determine the license requirements for the driver of a particular semi, the vehicle is classified using its weight rating.
According to state and federal law, a driver will need a CDL license if the vehicle has a GCWR of more than 26,000 pounds which includes a towed unit of more than 10,000 pounds.
The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is the total maximum weight and load that has been designated by the manufacturer of the vehicle. This number can be seen on the label at the driver’s side or on the left side at the front of the trailer.
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When You Don’t Need A CDL To Drive A Semi
Drivers are exempted from getting a CDL if the semi is used for personal or recreational use. However, there are a few exceptions to the rule such as:
- Occasional transportation of personal property even when it’s not for commercial purposes,
- Operating a motor home or any other vehicle that can be used exclusively for the transportation of personal items for family members or for business purposes.
Therefore, in order to drive a semi without a CDL, the vehicle should fit within the state and federal exceptions.
Professionals Who Don’t Need A CDL
There are also certain people who don’t need a CDL. These are:
- Active Duty Military. These include National Guard. These are professionals who operate military vehicles.
- Firefighters and police officers. As long as they meet the approved training standards, and operate an authorized vehicle, they aren’t required to have a CDL.
- If they are operating a semi within a radius of 150 miles of their farm, they will not need a CDL. However, they will need an F endorsement if they will be operating a combination vehicle with a GVWR of over 26,001 pounds. The F endorsement requires them to pass a knowledge test but not a skill test. If the farmer will be carrying hazardous materials in an amount requiring placarding and has a towing weight of over 26,0001, they will need a CDL with an endorsement for hazardous materials.
Should You Get A CDL Or Not?
The law concerning what is considered to be CDL or personal semi can be interpreted differently. Therefore, before you decide to CDL or not, you will need to understand your federal and state laws well. You will also need to determine if your purpose for driving the vehicle is commercial or personal.
FAQs on getting a CDL for a semi
Here are the commonly asked questions on getting a CDL for a semi:
Do you need a CDL to drive a personal semi?
No. A CDL isn’t needed for driving a personal semi. However, defining what personal use is can be hard. Therefore, you should ensure that you are fully under the law regarding exceptions from CDL licenses.
What CDL do you need to drive a semi?
To drive a semi in many states, you will need a ClassA CDL. This license will enable you to operate any vehicle that has a trailer or semi and contain at least 2 axles.
Can you own a semi truck without a CDL?
Yes. You can buy a semi without a CDL. The most important thing is for the person driving the semi to have a driver’s license.
Can you use a semi for personal use?
Yes. You are allowed to use a semi for personal use.
What happens if you drive without CDL?
If you are found driving a semi without a CDL or with an expired CDL, you will incur a penalty of up to $2,500. If the case is aggravated, the penalties may rise to over $5,000 and you may incur up to 90 days in prison.
What can a Class C driver drive?
One of the special types of CDLs is the class C driver’s license. This license allows drivers to drive semis, warehouse trucks, delivery trucks, and big passengers vehicles. You can also drive small trucks that are transporting dangerous materials
Can you own a semi truck for personal use?
How can I finance a semi truck without a CDL?
If you are an upcoming entrepreneur who doesn’t have a CDL and would like to buy a semi, the sot viable thing to do is to apply for an SBA loan.
In most cases, you will get enough funds to buy the required equipment for the business. The loan also doesn’t have strict rules for the borrower to have a CDL.
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Can I buy a semi-truck and hire a driver?
Yes. You can buy a truck and hire a driver.
Is it worth being an owner operator truck driver?
If you are an owner-operator, you can make more money as compared to a company driver or a load rate percentage. Even though the income per load you make is higher, you will also pay for the expenses of operating the truck and the business.